Saturday, March 14, 2020

Character and Setting Analysis of the Play Fences

Character and Setting Analysis of the Play 'Fences' Arguably August Wilsons most renowned work, Fences explores the life and relationships of the Maxson family. This moving drama was written in 1983 and earned Wilson his first Pulitzer Prize. Fences  is part of  August Wilsons Pittsburg Cycle, a collection of ten plays. Each drama explores a different decade in the 20th century, and each examines the lives and struggles of African-Americans. The protagonist, Troy Maxson is a restless trash-collector and former baseball athlete. Though deeply flawed, he represents the struggle for justice and fair treatment during the 1950s. Troy also represents human natures reluctance to recognize and accept social change. In the playwrights setting description, symbols connected to his character can be found: the house, the incomplete fence, the porch, and the makeshift baseball tied to a tree branch. Origins of Troy Maxson According to Joseph Kelly, editor of The Seagull Reader: Plays, Troy Maxson is loosely based upon August Wilsons step-father, David Bedford. The following can be said about both men: Talented, young athletes.Unable to attend college.Turned to crime for income.Killed a man.Spent decades in prison.Married and settled down to a new life after a  prison term. The Setting Reveals the Man The set description provides several clues to the heart of Troy Maxsons character. Fences takes place in the front yard of Troys ancient two-story brick house. The house is a source of both pride and shame for Troy. He is proud to provide a home for his family. He is also ashamed because he realizes that the only way he could afford the house is through his brother (a mentally unstable WWII veteran) and the disability checks he receives because of it. Building Fences Also mentioned in the setting description, an incomplete fence borders part of the yard. Tools and lumber are off to the side. These set pieces will provide the literal and metaphoric activity of the play: building a fence around Troys property. Questions to consider in an essay about Fences: What does the act of building a fence symbolize?What is Troy Maxson trying to keep out?What is he trying to keep in? Troy's Porch and Homelife According to the playwrights description, the wooden porch is badly in need of paint. Why does it need paint? Well, in practical terms, the porch is a recent addition to the house. Therefore, it could simply be seen as a task not quite finished. However, the porch is not the only thing in dire need of attention. Troys wife of eighteen years, Rose, has also been neglected. Troy has spent time and energy on both his wife and the porch. However, Troy ultimately does not commit to his marriage nor to the unpainted, unfinished porch, leaving each to the mercy of the elements. Baseball and "Fences" At the beginning of the script, August Wilson makes certain to mention an important prop placement. A baseball bat leans against the tree and a ball of rags is tied to a branch. Both Troy and his teenage son Cory (a football star in the making - if it wasnt for his embittered father) practice swinging at the ball. Later on in the play, when the father and son argue, the bat will be turned on Troy - though Troy will ultimately win in that confrontation. Troy Maxson was a great baseball player, at least according to his friend Bono. Although he played brilliantly for the Negro Leagues, he was not allowed to on the white teams, unlike Jackie Robinson. The success of Robinson and other black players is a sore subject for Troy. Because he was born at the wrong time, he never earned the recognition or the money which he felt he deserved and discussion of professional sports will often send him into a tirade. Baseball serves as Troys main way of explaining his actions. When he talks about facing death, he uses baseball terminology, comparing a face-off with the grim reaper to a duel between a pitcher and a batter. When he bullies his son Cory, he warns him: TROY: You swung and you missed. Thats strike one. Dont you strike out! During Act Two of Fences, Troy confesses to Rose about his infidelity. He explains not only that he has a mistress, but that she is pregnant with his child. He uses a baseball metaphor to explain why he had an affair: TROY: I fooled them, Rose. I bunted. When I found you and Cory and a halfway decent job . . . I was safe. Couldnt nothing touch me. I wasnt gonna strike out no more. I wasnt going back to the penitentiary. I wasnt gonna lay in the streets with a bottle of wine. I was safe. I had me a family. A job. I wasnt gonna get that last strike. I was on first looking for one of them boys to knock me in. To get me home.​ ROSE: You should have stayed in my bed, Troy. TROY: Then when I saw that gal . . . she firmed up my backbone. And I got to thinking that if I tried . . . I just might be able to steal second. Do you understand after eighteen years I wanted to steal second. Troy the Garbage Man The final details mentioned in the setting description reflect Troys later years as a hard-working garbage man. August Wilson writes, Two oil drums serve as garbage receptacles and sit near the house. For nearly two decades, Troy worked from the back of the garbage truck alongside his friend Bono. Together, they hauled junk throughout the neighborhoods and alleyways of Pittsburg. But Troy wanted more. So, he finally sought a promotion - not an easy task due to the white, racist employers and union members. Ultimately, Troy earns the promotion, allowing him to drive the garbage truck. However, this creates a solitary occupation, distancing himself from Bono and other friends (and perhaps symbolically separating himself from his African-American community).

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Personal statement for law school Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

For law school - Personal Statement Example The officer not considering the situation, gave me a ticket and helped the other car to speed off, even after the lights turned to a stop sign. To my surprise, the officer implicated me and used the events to my disadvantage. He made severe decisions that led me into trouble not considering that the insurance for my car had expired. As a result, my insurer came into the mix attracting more trouble. The realization of this unjust treatment for the less privileged was extremely empowering. I knew that concentrating on the officer’s hostility would only reinforce my fear and the prejudice he had against me bearing in mind it was the other car that was on the wrong. My passion for equality and social justice kept growing until now when I wish to have a chance to participate in the fight against the unprivileged while at the same time empowering others. It is with this enthusiasm that I have great passion and interest for

Monday, February 10, 2020

Social Responsibilities of Private Sector Businesses Essay

Social Responsibilities of Private Sector Businesses - Essay Example From this paper it i clear that  private enterprises are formed with a basic purpose of generating profits to the shareholders. This is different from organizations in the public and voluntary sectors whose main purpose is not to make profits but to serve the public. This is because the revenues for setting up of setting up organizations in public sector come from the general public through taxation.This study highlights that  public organizations do not prioritize making profit over the quality of services or products offered to the general public. On the other hand, private enterprises prioritize making profits to the shareholders. This is because the revenues used in setting up the organizations come from individuals, who risk their resources in order to get benefits. It is also worth pointing out that employee in the private enterprises work in accordance to the aims of their employers. This means that employees in the private enterprise aim to increase profits while adhering to the society needs that are either set as rules in a country or as a way of promoting good company image to the public. In short, employees in the private enterprise are agents of the owners and whatever they do is based on the desires of the proprietors of the enterprise. While carrying out social responsibilities in the industry, the main aim is to appeal to the public in order to improve business relations and hence better sales of products and services.

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Dancing at Lughnasa Essay Example for Free

Dancing at Lughnasa Essay Dancing is significant in the play so far because it is the way the Mundy sisters can escape social boundaries and it is a form of self expression for them. Dancing is also the only way they feel satisfaction and take pleasure in life. The Mundy sisters can neither explain nor express their true feelings or desires because of their religion of catholism, therefore they use dancing to fill their desire to break free and give them strength to carry on living the way they do. Dancing also provokes many memories of better times for them, it is one of the two things Michael (narrator) remembers of that summer of 1936, therefore it is a big and reoccurring theme throughout the play so far. The Mundy sisters use dancing as a way to feel satisfaction and take pleasure in life, as soon as the radio ‘Marconi’ is switched on we see a different family in the play so far before the ‘Very fast; very heavy beat’ begins we see a religious, Catholic bound family who are unhappy and unable to express themselves but as soon as the radio this ‘sheer magic of a radio’ brings music to them they all become a happy, ecstatic, wild family in the dancing ‘Agnes, Rose, Chris and Maggie are now doing a dance’, we see the Mundy family let go and live the way the feel they should but cannot due to the strict religion of catholism. They long to dance, ’I want to dance’ but as their religion restricts them they feel embarrassed and too old ‘mature women, dancing? ’ to dance or express their feelings and desires, because of the time the play is set in 1936 they would have been seen as to old to get married and therefore we are shown that this is their life from now on. Through dance we see the battle of catholism and paganism shine through. Dancing is significant in the play because it shows us the happiness of the Mundy sisters, their desires to break free and their only way to show their true personalities. They use dancing as a form of self expression, it shows their battle between their fight to stay true to their religion and their urge to explore the pagan traditions. The significant of dancing is different to certain characters with Kate it shows her true self, and in Maggie’s case it provokes memories and reminds her of what she doesn’t have but could have if she had only left Ballybeg, and it one of the few things that Michael remembers of his summer of 1936, and links dancing with enjoyment and happiness in that tough time.

Wednesday, January 22, 2020

The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests Essay -- Intelligence

The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests Can intelligence be measured? Does an IQ test actually measure a person’s intelligence? Does a high score indicate a genius? Does a low score indicate stupidity or merely ignorance? These questions have been asked over and over again by psychiatrists and scientists alike, but to date there are no clear answers. These questions cannot be answered without first defining what is meant by the term intelligence. Once intelligence has been defined then it should be easy to answer these questions; however, multiple definitions of the word tend to lead to further confusion. In a 1921 symposium entitled â€Å"Intelligence and Its Measurement†, psychiatrists were asked to define intelligence and their answers varied greatly. One described intelligence as â€Å"equivalent to the capacity to learn.† Other definitions included â€Å"the ability to adapt adequately to relatively new situations†, â€Å"the capacity to learn or profit from experience†, and â€Å"the knowledge that an individual possesses.† And one stated that there was no simple definition to the word because â€Å"intelligence involves two factors- the capacity for knowledge and knowledge possessed† (Sternberg & Detterman, 1986, p.39-40). Dictionaries add still more definitions: Funk & Wagnall’s defines intelligence as â€Å"The faculty of perceiving and comprehending meaning; mental quickness; active intellect; understanding† , while Webster’s defines it as â€Å"the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations; the skilled use of reason.† While some of these definitions are similar, none of them are exactly the same. The definition of intelligence becomes even more complicated when one considers the work of Howard Gardner. Gardner claims that intelligence can not be defined with one definition because intelligence is not one thing. Gardner purports that there are eight different categories of intelligence: musical, bodily-kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, linguistic, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. He is currently considering adding a ninth category of intelligence: existential (Carvin). Gardner believes that all people excel in at least one category of intelligence. However, he cautions teachers using the multiple intelligence approach in the classroom: â€Å"Do not label kids as ‘spatial, but not linguistic’ or, for that... ... when they arrive the store is out of bread. The children are then asked what they would do with points only being scored for the answer of going to another store; however, for children living in large urban ghetto areas the most popular answer has traditionally been to go home. Researchers argue that, considering the environment that these children live in, going home would be a much more intelligent decision than attempting to go to another store (Lawler, 1978, p.34). Can intelligence be measured? Does an IQ test actually measure a person’s intelligence? The answers all depend on who you ask. Bibliography: References Block, N. & Dworkin, G. (1976). The iq controversy. New York: Random House. Carvin, A. EdWeb: Exploring technology and school reform. [On-Line]. Available: http://edweb.gsn.org/edref.mi.intro.html Durie, R. The building tool room: an interview with Howard Gardner. [On-Line]. Available: http://www.newhorizons.org/trm_gardner.html Lawler, J. (1978). Iq, heritability, and racism. New York: International Publishers. Sternberg, R. & Detterman, D. (1986). What is intelligence. New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Conjoined by Judith Minty is a poem about a broken relationship Essay

â€Å"Conjoined† by Judith Minty is a poem about a broken relationship. Judith Minty uses many similes, metaphors, and analogies to describe an unhappy union of two people and the inseparability of marriage. The sub title is â€Å" a marriage poem† which sets the theme of the poem, but until you start reading you do not realize that it is an unhappy view towards marriage. She uses words with negative connotation such as â€Å"heavy†, â€Å"deformed† and â€Å"accident† to describe the relationship in a marriage. She ends the poem with â€Å"We cannot escape each other. † This is a depressing ending to her poem because she talks about marriage as if it is a prison. Minty uses a simile to describe marriage by writing â€Å"An accident, like the two-headed calf rooted in one body, fighting to suck at its mother’s teats†. She uses the calf with two heads as a symbol of the two people involved in a marriage. Both have two separate minds to think for themselves but are combined in a relationship. When she says â€Å"fighting to suck at its mother’s teats† she talk about how two people in a marriage fight to get their way and their opinion in against each other. This enhances the poem because it shows how she compares marriage to an accident of a two-headed calf with a simile which shows her negative view towards marriage. Judith Minty uses a metaphor when she writes, â€Å"The onion in my cupboard, a monster actually two joined under one transparent skin†¦ † She uses the comparison of the onion to a monster to translate that marriage can be a horrible thing. She uses the transparent skin of the onion as the bond between two people in a marriage. The metaphor enhances the poem because it is the first line of the poem and it sets the unpleasant tone immediately. Minty uses a lot of diction in her poem â€Å"Conjoined† which shows her negative view towards marriage. â€Å"To sever the muscle could free one, but might kill the other. † She uses this sentence to show that divorce could end their unhappy marriage and free one of them, but the other will be left heart broken and hurt. She uses words with opposite connotation like â€Å"free† ad â€Å"kill† to show the opposite reactions of feelings that divorce may have. In this sentence she is referring back to the analogy of Siamese twins, if the twins were cut apart one of them would be free and one would die just like the relationship Minty is talking about. The tone of â€Å"Conjoined† by Judith Minty is a troubled view on marriage. You get a general feel of unhappiness towards marriage with her analogies, similes, metaphors and diction that she uses in her poem. Usually, marriage is associated to positive words such as happy, commitment, love, and unity. In Judith Minty’s poem she uses depressing words when describing marriage. She calls it a â€Å"monster† and an â€Å"accident. † Minty talks about the unity of two people for years as if it was a bad thing. â€Å"†¦ doomed to live, even make love, together for sixty years. † Other people would see a marriage of sixty years as a good thing and would celebrate it.

Monday, January 6, 2020

Website Critique Content And Coverage - 1981 Words

Introduction †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. Website Critique Content Coverage In a web-post by Stephan Linder, a researcher at The Urban Institute — a think tank based in Washington DC that researches economic and social policy — provided readers with a general overview of his recently published study (Lindner Peters, 2014). The Urban Institute is an appropriate source for both general and scholarly audiences because research is conducted, however depending on your field it may not meet scholarly standards for research. Although Linder is the primary author on the original study which was published in August 2014, the information provided on urban.org, which was published in in September 2014, is considered secondary in nature (Lindner, 2014). Additionally, it only provides a very brief overview of the purpose of the study and a general synopsis of the findings, without discussing in-depth the methods or potential limitations. Timeliness The general standard for research to still be considered current is 5 years. While the author didn t cite any external sources throughout his overview, he did provide the link to the full research article. In the article, 11 of the 17 references are from the 7 years prior to the publication date, from 2008 through 2014. The other six references were published in 1994, 2000, 2000, 2004, 2005, and 2007. This is not necessarily a limitation because in many fields, 10 years is considered the general standard for current and relative material,Show MoreRelatedHomeless Families With Children By Megan Krueger Essay1467 Words   |  6 Pagescauses of homelessness, the families’ lived experiences while homeless, the policies that perpetuate their homelessness, and the effects of homelessness on all family members. For this paper, I will analyze the following three pieces of literature: a website article, Homeless Families with Children, with no identified author; a magazine article, Homeless Families in Southeast Michigan, written by Megan Krueger; and a scholarly journal article, Exploring the Lived Experiences of Homeless Families withRead MoreThe Patient Protection Affordable Care Act Essay1648 Words   |  7 PagesProtection and Affordable Care Act until thoroughly researching and critically analyzing the bill’s purpose, content, and the affects it can have on the individual, a community, and the nation as a whole. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is designed to offer affordable health coverage to those who are not offered health benefits through their employer or have been denied health coverage in the past. This includes people with pre-existing conditions, people who require treatment of medicalRead MoreWeek 4 Scholarly vs. Popular Media Focus on Sexuality Paper806 Words   |  4 Pageswill summarize a scholarly article (peer-reviewed, evidence-based, original research) and one popular media article on your topic. Once you see how the topic is covered in each source, you will write a paper: 1. comparing and contrasting the coverage; 2. discussing the relative merits of each; and 3. addressing which of the two approaches (scholarly or popular media) is better suited to disseminate information about your selected topic . Use the textbook as a guide in selectingRead MoreCohabitation With A Community Or Family1840 Words   |  8 Pagesa problem if ones agrees to it. In this paper I will be examining three different articles on the topic of cohabitation with the information that is provided from the authors, I will critique their effectiveness in certain areas and see if a reader is able to attain adequate statist. I will fist focus on a website article, As Marriage and Parenthood Drift Apart, Public is concerned about Social Impact by Cary Funk. The second that I choose from a magazine article is Unmarried, with Children byRead MoreCohabitation With A Community Or Family1840 Words   |  8 Pagesbe a problem if ones agrees to it. In this paper I will be examining three different articles on the topic of cohabitation with the information that is provided by the authors, I will critique their effectiveness in certain areas and see if a reader is able to attain adequate statist. I will first focus on a website article, As Marriage and Parenthood Drift Apart, Public is concerned about Social Impact by Cary Funk. The second that I choose from a magazine article is Unmarried, with Children byRead MoreThe Significance of Television as a Propaganda Tool During the Vietnam War1656 Words   |  7 Pagesreadily available to the message without having to even leave their house. Also television companies believe that â€Å"their audiences are more interested in learning about political coups, wars, and corruption in Third World countries.† This widespread coverage of wars is then seen as more interesting and profitable than the daily mundane issues that people face. Unlike the previous use of cinema, television also presents a problem with the censorship of information that is shown. The clips that were shownRead MoreWhat I Have Learned During The Course Learning And Communicating Online1786 Words   |  8 Pagestouch on the different types of social media platforms and how social media has contributed to my online learning. Lastly the advantages and disadvantages of working in a collaborative online environment and how this course has taught me to evaluate websites for my assessments and using this experience to provide learning opportunities for the future. I begin my reflective analysis by investigating various social networking platforms that helped me learn about Jean Piaget s constructivist learning theoryRead MoreThe Critique Should Start With The Strengths Of The Work1764 Words   |  8 Pages3. You are critiquing the work, not the person. The critique should start with the strengths of the work. What works and why? Identify at least two places where the writer does any of the following successfully, and explain your reason for why it is effectively used: o Identifies a clear thesis that articulates a logical argument about your chosen topic. Charlene, you present a clear thesis statement at the beginning of your paper as well as a reworded thesis in your conclusion. When first readingRead Morethe effect of mass media3481 Words   |  14 Pages5/27/13 The effect of media content on audiences and society | a2-level-level-revision, sociology, mass-media-0, effect-media-content-audiences-and-society | †¦ The effect of media content on audiences and society Before you can log into the site you MUST accept terms and conditions. After studying this section, you should be able to understand: Quick revise the evidence relating to the relationship between screen violence and violence in real life active audience approaches the processRead MoreEssay about Heineken Open Your World Ad Analysis1674 Words   |  7 PagesHeineken - Open Your World 2011 Nadine Garrison (10015730) MKTG 435 Advertising Critique 11/21/2011 INTRODUCTION The year is 1864. When 22 year old Gerard Adriaan Heineken acquired a small, local brewery in the heart of Amsterdam, it is doubtful that he would have imagined his modest company growing and expanding well into the 21st century. Despite its extensive history, Heineken claims to continue to use the original recipe formulated almost 150 years ago. Presently, Heineken International