Saturday, March 14, 2020
Character and Setting Analysis of the Play 'Fences' Arguably August Wilsons most renowned work, Fences explores the life and relationships of the Maxson family. This moving drama was written in 1983 and earned Wilson his first Pulitzer Prize. FencesÃ is part ofÃ August Wilsons Pittsburg Cycle, a collection of ten plays. Each drama explores a different decade in the 20th century, and each examines the lives and struggles of African-Americans. The protagonist, Troy Maxson is a restless trash-collector and former baseball athlete. Though deeply flawed, he represents the struggle for justice and fair treatment during the 1950s. Troy also represents human natures reluctance to recognize and accept social change. In the playwrights setting description, symbols connected to his character can be found: the house, the incomplete fence, the porch, and the makeshift baseball tied to a tree branch. Origins of Troy Maxson According to Joseph Kelly, editor of The Seagull Reader: Plays, Troy Maxson is loosely based upon August Wilsons step-father, David Bedford. The following can be said about both men: Talented, young athletes.Unable to attend college.Turned to crime for income.Killed a man.Spent decades in prison.Married and settled down to a new life after aÃ prison term. The Setting Reveals the Man The set description provides several clues to the heart of Troy Maxsons character. Fences takes place in the front yard of Troys ancient two-story brick house. The house is a source of both pride and shame for Troy. He is proud to provide a home for his family. He is also ashamed because he realizes that the only way he could afford the house is through his brother (a mentally unstable WWII veteran) and the disability checks he receives because of it. Building Fences Also mentioned in the setting description, an incomplete fence borders part of the yard. Tools and lumber are off to the side. These set pieces will provide the literal and metaphoric activity of the play: building a fence around Troys property. Questions to consider in an essay about Fences: What does the act of building a fence symbolize?What is Troy Maxson trying to keep out?What is he trying to keep in? Troy's Porch and Homelife According to the playwrights description, the wooden porch is badly in need of paint. Why does it need paint? Well, in practical terms, the porch is a recent addition to the house. Therefore, it could simply be seen as a task not quite finished. However, the porch is not the only thing in dire need of attention. Troys wife of eighteen years, Rose, has also been neglected. Troy has spent time and energy on both his wife and the porch. However, Troy ultimately does not commit to his marriage nor to the unpainted, unfinished porch, leaving each to the mercy of the elements. Baseball and "Fences" At the beginning of the script, August Wilson makes certain to mention an important prop placement. A baseball bat leans against the tree and a ball of rags is tied to a branch. Both Troy and his teenage son Cory (a football star in the making - if it wasnt for his embittered father) practice swinging at the ball. Later on in the play, when the father and son argue, the bat will be turned on Troy - though Troy will ultimately win in that confrontation. Troy Maxson was a great baseball player, at least according to his friend Bono. Although he played brilliantly for the Negro Leagues, he was not allowed to on the white teams, unlike Jackie Robinson. The success of Robinson and other black players is a sore subject for Troy. Because he was born at the wrong time, he never earned the recognition or the money which he felt he deserved and discussion of professional sports will often send him into a tirade. Baseball serves as Troys main way of explaining his actions. When he talks about facing death, he uses baseball terminology, comparing a face-off with the grim reaper to a duel between a pitcher and a batter. When he bullies his son Cory, he warns him: TROY: You swung and you missed. Thats strike one. Dont you strike out! During Act Two of Fences, Troy confesses to Rose about his infidelity. He explains not only that he has a mistress, but that she is pregnant with his child. He uses a baseball metaphor to explain why he had an affair: TROY: I fooled them, Rose. I bunted. When I found you and Cory and a halfway decent job . . . I was safe. Couldnt nothing touch me. I wasnt gonna strike out no more. I wasnt going back to the penitentiary. I wasnt gonna lay in the streets with a bottle of wine. I was safe. I had me a family. A job. I wasnt gonna get that last strike. I was on first looking for one of them boys to knock me in. To get me home.Ã¢â¬â¹ ROSE: You should have stayed in my bed, Troy. TROY: Then when I saw that gal . . . she firmed up my backbone. And I got to thinking that if I tried . . . I just might be able to steal second. Do you understand after eighteen years I wanted to steal second. Troy the Garbage Man The final details mentioned in the setting description reflect Troys later years as a hard-working garbage man. August Wilson writes, Two oil drums serve as garbage receptacles and sit near the house. For nearly two decades, Troy worked from the back of the garbage truck alongside his friend Bono. Together, they hauled junk throughout the neighborhoods and alleyways of Pittsburg. But Troy wanted more. So, he finally sought a promotion - not an easy task due to the white, racist employers and union members. Ultimately, Troy earns the promotion, allowing him to drive the garbage truck. However, this creates a solitary occupation, distancing himself from Bono and other friends (and perhaps symbolically separating himself from his African-American community).
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
For law school - Personal Statement Example The officer not considering the situation, gave me a ticket and helped the other car to speed off, even after the lights turned to a stop sign. To my surprise, the officer implicated me and used the events to my disadvantage. He made severe decisions that led me into trouble not considering that the insurance for my car had expired. As a result, my insurer came into the mix attracting more trouble. The realization of this unjust treatment for the less privileged was extremely empowering. I knew that concentrating on the officerÃ¢â¬â¢s hostility would only reinforce my fear and the prejudice he had against me bearing in mind it was the other car that was on the wrong. My passion for equality and social justice kept growing until now when I wish to have a chance to participate in the fight against the unprivileged while at the same time empowering others. It is with this enthusiasm that I have great passion and interest for
Monday, February 10, 2020
Social Responsibilities of Private Sector Businesses - Essay Example From this paper it i clear thatÃ private enterprises are formed with a basic purpose of generating profits to the shareholders. This is different from organizations in the public and voluntary sectors whose main purpose is not to make profits but to serve the public. This is because the revenues for setting up of setting up organizations in public sector come from the general public through taxation.This study highlights thatÃ public organizations do not prioritize making profit over the quality of services or products offered to the general public. On the other hand, private enterprises prioritize making profits to the shareholders. This is because the revenues used in setting up the organizations come from individuals, who risk their resources in order to get benefits. It is also worth pointing out that employee in the private enterprises work in accordance to the aims of their employers. This means that employees in the private enterprise aim to increase profits while adhering to the society needs that are either set as rules in a country or as a way of promoting good company image to the public. In short, employees in the private enterprise are agents of the owners and whatever they do is based on the desires of the proprietors of the enterprise. While carrying out social responsibilities in the industry, the main aim is to appeal to the public in order to improve business relations and hence better sales of products and services.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Dancing at Lughnasa Essay Dancing is significant in the play so far because it is the way the Mundy sisters can escape social boundaries and it is a form of self expression for them. Dancing is also the only way they feel satisfaction and take pleasure in life. The Mundy sisters can neither explain nor express their true feelings or desires because of their religion of catholism, therefore they use dancing to fill their desire to break free and give them strength to carry on living the way they do. Dancing also provokes many memories of better times for them, it is one of the two things Michael (narrator) remembers of that summer of 1936, therefore it is a big and reoccurring theme throughout the play so far. The Mundy sisters use dancing as a way to feel satisfaction and take pleasure in life, as soon as the radio Ã¢â¬ËMarconiÃ¢â¬â¢ is switched on we see a different family in the play so far before the Ã¢â¬ËVery fast; very heavy beatÃ¢â¬â¢ begins we see a religious, Catholic bound family who are unhappy and unable to express themselves but as soon as the radio this Ã¢â¬Ësheer magic of a radioÃ¢â¬â¢ brings music to them they all become a happy, ecstatic, wild family in the dancing Ã¢â¬ËAgnes, Rose, Chris and Maggie are now doing a danceÃ¢â¬â¢, we see the Mundy family let go and live the way the feel they should but cannot due to the strict religion of catholism. They long to dance, Ã¢â¬â¢I want to danceÃ¢â¬â¢ but as their religion restricts them they feel embarrassed and too old Ã¢â¬Ëmature women, dancing? Ã¢â¬â¢ to dance or express their feelings and desires, because of the time the play is set in 1936 they would have been seen as to old to get married and therefore we are shown that this is their life from now on. Through dance we see the battle of catholism and paganism shine through. Dancing is significant in the play because it shows us the happiness of the Mundy sisters, their desires to break free and their only way to show their true personalities. They use dancing as a form of self expression, it shows their battle between their fight to stay true to their religion and their urge to explore the pagan traditions. The significant of dancing is different to certain characters with Kate it shows her true self, and in MaggieÃ¢â¬â¢s case it provokes memories and reminds her of what she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have but could have if she had only left Ballybeg, and it one of the few things that Michael remembers of his summer of 1936, and links dancing with enjoyment and happiness in that tough time.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
The Measurement of Intelligence through IQ Tests Can intelligence be measured? Does an IQ test actually measure a personÃ¢â¬â¢s intelligence? Does a high score indicate a genius? Does a low score indicate stupidity or merely ignorance? These questions have been asked over and over again by psychiatrists and scientists alike, but to date there are no clear answers. These questions cannot be answered without first defining what is meant by the term intelligence. Once intelligence has been defined then it should be easy to answer these questions; however, multiple definitions of the word tend to lead to further confusion. In a 1921 symposium entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Intelligence and Its MeasurementÃ¢â¬ , psychiatrists were asked to define intelligence and their answers varied greatly. One described intelligence as Ã¢â¬Å"equivalent to the capacity to learn.Ã¢â¬ Other definitions included Ã¢â¬Å"the ability to adapt adequately to relatively new situationsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"the capacity to learn or profit from experienceÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"the knowledge that an individual possesses.Ã¢â¬ And one stated that there was no simple definition to the word because Ã¢â¬Å"intelligence involves two factors- the capacity for knowledge and knowledge possessedÃ¢â¬ (Sternberg & Detterman, 1986, p.39-40). Dictionaries add still more definitions: Funk & WagnallÃ¢â¬â¢s defines intelligence as Ã¢â¬Å"The faculty of perceiving and comprehending meaning; mental quickness; active intellect; understandingÃ¢â¬ , while WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s defines it as Ã¢â¬Å"the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations; the skilled use of reason.Ã¢â¬ While some of these definitions are similar, none of them are exactly the same. The definition of intelligence becomes even more complicated when one considers the work of Howard Gardner. Gardner claims that intelligence can not be defined with one definition because intelligence is not one thing. Gardner purports that there are eight different categories of intelligence: musical, bodily-kinesthetic, logical-mathematical, linguistic, spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist. He is currently considering adding a ninth category of intelligence: existential (Carvin). Gardner believes that all people excel in at least one category of intelligence. However, he cautions teachers using the multiple intelligence approach in the classroom: Ã¢â¬Å"Do not label kids as Ã¢â¬Ëspatial, but not linguisticÃ¢â¬â¢ or, for that... ... when they arrive the store is out of bread. The children are then asked what they would do with points only being scored for the answer of going to another store; however, for children living in large urban ghetto areas the most popular answer has traditionally been to go home. Researchers argue that, considering the environment that these children live in, going home would be a much more intelligent decision than attempting to go to another store (Lawler, 1978, p.34). Can intelligence be measured? Does an IQ test actually measure a personÃ¢â¬â¢s intelligence? The answers all depend on who you ask. Bibliography: References Block, N. & Dworkin, G. (1976). The iq controversy. New York: Random House. Carvin, A. EdWeb: Exploring technology and school reform. [On-Line]. Available: http://edweb.gsn.org/edref.mi.intro.html Durie, R. The building tool room: an interview with Howard Gardner. [On-Line]. Available: http://www.newhorizons.org/trm_gardner.html Lawler, J. (1978). Iq, heritability, and racism. New York: International Publishers. Sternberg, R. & Detterman, D. (1986). What is intelligence. New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"ConjoinedÃ¢â¬ by Judith Minty is a poem about a broken relationship. Judith Minty uses many similes, metaphors, and analogies to describe an unhappy union of two people and the inseparability of marriage. The sub title is Ã¢â¬Å" a marriage poemÃ¢â¬ which sets the theme of the poem, but until you start reading you do not realize that it is an unhappy view towards marriage. She uses words with negative connotation such as Ã¢â¬Å"heavyÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"deformedÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"accidentÃ¢â¬ to describe the relationship in a marriage. She ends the poem with Ã¢â¬Å"We cannot escape each other. Ã¢â¬ This is a depressing ending to her poem because she talks about marriage as if it is a prison. Minty uses a simile to describe marriage by writing Ã¢â¬Å"An accident, like the two-headed calf rooted in one body, fighting to suck at its motherÃ¢â¬â¢s teatsÃ¢â¬ . She uses the calf with two heads as a symbol of the two people involved in a marriage. Both have two separate minds to think for themselves but are combined in a relationship. When she says Ã¢â¬Å"fighting to suck at its motherÃ¢â¬â¢s teatsÃ¢â¬ she talk about how two people in a marriage fight to get their way and their opinion in against each other. This enhances the poem because it shows how she compares marriage to an accident of a two-headed calf with a simile which shows her negative view towards marriage. Judith Minty uses a metaphor when she writes, Ã¢â¬Å"The onion in my cupboard, a monster actually two joined under one transparent skinÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ She uses the comparison of the onion to a monster to translate that marriage can be a horrible thing. She uses the transparent skin of the onion as the bond between two people in a marriage. The metaphor enhances the poem because it is the first line of the poem and it sets the unpleasant tone immediately. Minty uses a lot of diction in her poem Ã¢â¬Å"ConjoinedÃ¢â¬ which shows her negative view towards marriage. Ã¢â¬Å"To sever the muscle could free one, but might kill the other. Ã¢â¬ She uses this sentence to show that divorce could end their unhappy marriage and free one of them, but the other will be left heart broken and hurt. She uses words with opposite connotation like Ã¢â¬Å"freeÃ¢â¬ ad Ã¢â¬Å"killÃ¢â¬ to show the opposite reactions of feelings that divorce may have. In this sentence she is referring back to the analogy of Siamese twins, if the twins were cut apart one of them would be free and one would die just like the relationship Minty is talking about. The tone of Ã¢â¬Å"ConjoinedÃ¢â¬ by Judith Minty is a troubled view on marriage. You get a general feel of unhappiness towards marriage with her analogies, similes, metaphors and diction that she uses in her poem. Usually, marriage is associated to positive words such as happy, commitment, love, and unity. In Judith MintyÃ¢â¬â¢s poem she uses depressing words when describing marriage. She calls it a Ã¢â¬Å"monsterÃ¢â¬ and an Ã¢â¬Å"accident. Ã¢â¬ Minty talks about the unity of two people for years as if it was a bad thing. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ doomed to live, even make love, together for sixty years. Ã¢â¬ Other people would see a marriage of sixty years as a good thing and would celebrate it.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Introduction Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. Website Critique Content Coverage In a web-post by Stephan Linder, a researcher at The Urban Institute Ã¢â¬â a think tank based in Washington DC that researches economic and social policy Ã¢â¬â provided readers with a general overview of his recently published study (Lindner Peters, 2014). The Urban Institute is an appropriate source for both general and scholarly audiences because research is conducted, however depending on your field it may not meet scholarly standards for research. Although Linder is the primary author on the original study which was published in August 2014, the information provided on urban.org, which was published in in September 2014, is considered secondary in nature (Lindner, 2014). Additionally, it only provides a very brief overview of the purpose of the study and a general synopsis of the findings, without discussing in-depth the methods or potential limitations. Timeliness The general standard for research to still be considered current is 5 years. While the author didn t cite any external sources throughout his overview, he did provide the link to the full research article. In the article, 11 of the 17 references are from the 7 years prior to the publication date, from 2008 through 2014. The other six references were published in 1994, 2000, 2000, 2004, 2005, and 2007. 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